Transportation

Because being there is what's most important, WPC's Center for Transportation researches and analyzes the best practices for relieving traffic congestion by recapturing a vision of a system based on freedom of movement.

What's New

Steep drop in Puget Sound bus ridership

January 8, 2010 in Blog

According to the American Public Transportation Association (APTA), bus ridership in the Puget Sound region continues to fall.

In the third quarter of 2009, King County bus ridership fell 10.72 percent over the same quarter in 2008. Overall, King County bus ridership is down more than 6 percent for the year.

Puget Sound Bus Ridership

Agency                    Quarterly    Year-to-date
                       
          change        change
Kitsap Transit   �!
160;            -24.71%        -14.70%
Everett Transit               -4.92%            2.53%
Snohomish Transit         -11.61%        -4.94%
Intercity Transit              -9.76%           1.09%
King County Metro         -10.72%        -6.09%
Sound Transit                -1.58%           3.00%

Between the recession and a new light rail line, it'!
s possible the fourth quarter ridership report, which details !
demand data for the entire year, would wipe out all of the record increases most bus agencies experienced in 2008.

The average car owner pays about $272 in state transportation taxes and fees

January 6, 2010 in Blog

Yesterday at the Joint Transportation Committee, consultants hired by the state reported on their recommendations to boost transportation revenue. In their analysis, the consultants estimated how much people pay in state taxes and fees by vehicle type. For example, the owner of a mid-size passenger sedan pays $272 per year in state transportation taxes and fees. Here are some others:

Vehicle Type             2009 Dollars
Compact Car               $197
Mid-Size Sedan           $272
Light Truck (SUV)        $437
Hybrid                       !
60; $151
Electric Car                 $77
Motorcycle                  $138
Freight (medium)         $1,694
Freight (heavy)            $2,865

Some interesting observations. Notice has much less the owner of electric car pays. Its about 82% less than the owner of an SUV. Also notice the disparity between passenger cars and freight trucks. Granted, freight trucks pay more because of their greater impact on the road system, but in some cases a heavy freight truck owner is paying over 1,300% more than then owner of a passenger car.

The report also shows how vehicle owners would pay less over time because of the projected increases in fuel efficiency. By 2025, vehicle owners would pay about 10% less !
than they do today.

The consultants went further to sho!
w that most of the state taxes and fees are not tied to inflation. So, according to the report, the purchasing power of these taxes and fees would fall about 45 percent. That fall in purchasing power translates to lost revenue and the revenue forecast for 2009-25 shows a loss of about $1.6 billion.

On top of all of this, the state faces over $33 billion in unmet and unfunded transportation needs.

All of this means significant increases in how much we pay in transportation taxes and fees is inevitable. Interestingly, Sen. Haugen, chair of the JTC said during the meeting that these increases would not happen this session but sometime in the future (about 33 minutes into the!
TVW coverage of the hearing).

     

Vanpools in the Puget Sound Region

December 31, 2009 in Publications

As traffic congestion and the financial and environmental costs of commuting continue to rise, a once overlooked transit alternative has quietly become an effective option for many motorists: vanpooling.  Sharing a commute through a vanpool:

Where to put light rail through downtown Bellevue?

December 22, 2009 in Blog

Untitled

Kevin Wallace has been working behind the scenes for about a year on the light rail alignment through downtown Bellevue. In November, Kevin was elected to the city council and his effort is taking center stage in where Sound Transit will build tracks.

Sound Transit officials are mulling over several alignment options and have selected a preferred alternative to study further in an EIS. But as Kevin points out, there are many significant problems with it, including

  • Long term construction impacts
  • Increases in traffic congestion
  • Environmental impacts, especially building an elevated rail structure right through the middle of the Mercer Slough

Sound Transit's preferred alternative also requires a lot of commercial property condemnation and presents noise issues to several residential neighborhoods.

So Kevin commissioned a study to find a less intrusive and cheaper alternative. His plan is called the Vision Line and reduces and eliminates most of the issues created by Sound Transit's option. It is also much cheaper.

I had the opportunity to hear Kevin's presentation this morning and he said something that really caught my attention. Sound Transit's preferred alignment through Bellevue violates about 54 tenets of the city's Comprehensive Plan. His plan only infringes on two.

Only 1,200 Boeing employees use transit?

December 18, 2009 in Blog

In a Seattle Times article today, reporter Mike Lindblom details some privacy concerns with the ORCA card.

ORCA stands for One Regional Card for All and replaces 300 other passes or transfers into a single system. But what really got my attention with this article is this:

Boeing, where about 1,200 people use transit or van pools in the Puget
Sound region, considers its fare cards "a company-provided benefit,
privacy-protected," said spokeswoman Kathy Spicer.

Boeing has over 70,000 employees in Washington, and I presume most of them in the Puget Sound region. Average transit mode share in the region is about 4-6% so only 1,200 Boeing employees using transit seems very low to me.

If right, it's this kind of data that challenges transit's "build it, and they will come" model. In economics, supply is a function of demand. This means a willingness to use a service must exist before a supply of that service is created. Boeing executives do not make 300 airplanes knowing they will only sell 100. Likewise, governments should not spend a disproportionate amount of taxes in low demand sectors, where the willingness to use the service does not justify the spending.

European transit systems provide a good contrasting example of how these economic concepts app!
ly.
In Switzerland, transit is successful, not because of the amount of service or infrastructure, but because the country has certain demographic and economic characteristics that induce demand.

In other words, there is an existing market with a customer base and Swiss policymakers respond with proportional infrastructure investments. As a result, mode share, ridership and fare box recovery are high.
In the United States, transit resources are distributed in just the opposite way.

Under the “build it, and they will come” theory, policymakers think that increasing the supply of transit will somehow create more public demand. This speculative model fails because most U.S. cities do not posses the economic or demographic characteristics that create enough voluntary consumers for public transit.

This doesn't mean public transit is bad. It just means using the economic principles of supply and demand shows that building excess transit capacit!
y before there is an equal amount of willingness to use it lea!
ds to an underperforming system. As a result, mode share, ridership and fare box recovery are low.

This is why I'm not surprised to see studies showing how bad traffic is in our region.
Seattle has nation’s worst traffic congestion: Study
Washington highways nation’s 15th worst

Federal Transportation Budget analysis

December 15, 2009 in Blog

Even if you don't closely follow transportation policy, this new study by Dr. Ron Utt of the Heritage Foundation is worth a read:

The
Surface Transportation Authorization Act (STAA), as currently written, would
dramatically change federal transportation policy by shifting resources from
cars to trolleys and buses; requiring a huge tax increase to fund these new
commitments; centralizing transportation decisions in Washington; requiring a
substantial increase in the numbers of state, local, and federal government
employees; and discouraging the private sector from investing in surface
transportation projects.


Chairman
Oberstar's Transportation Plan: A Costly Exercise in Social Engineering

WPC vanpool recommendations

December 8, 2009 in Blog

Here is the final report in our four-part series on Vanpools in the Puget Sound Region:
Part IV: Recommendations

While vanpools are popular, efficient and effective, there are several
structural and political limitations that prevent vanpool operators from
maximizing their value. These obstacles constrain demand, unnecessarily consume
public resources, and prevent vanpool services from reaching market optimization.
Washington Policy Center makes the following recommendations to improve
vanpool performance and move the most people for the least cost.

1. Saturate the vanpool market before expanding other intercity transit modes
2. Phase in 100% cost recovery over 5-10 years
3. Expand and loosen restrictions on the state Vanpool Investment Program
4. Examin!
e feasibility of introducing private operators or a public/private arrangement
5. Fund and implement recommendations of the Vanpool Market Action Plan
6. Keep federal money received by vanpools within the vanpool program
7. More emphasis on vanpools in the Puget Sound Regional Council’s Transportation 2040 plan

You can read the full series here:

Part I: The Vanpool Solution, A faster, cheaper and easier way to commute (video)
Part II: Introduction & Background
Part III: Analysis of vanpool performance and market potential
Part IV: Recommendations

Seattle officials get pat on the back: most congested city in America

December 7, 2009 in Blog

Two studies on traffic congestion were released last week and both of them were widely reported by the media.

The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) released its 2009 Congestion Report, which is the state's annual assessment of travel in the Puget Sound region. And TomTom, a company that makes Global Positioning Systems (GPS), released a study that ranked cities across the United States by those with the worst traffic congestion.

The WSDOT study concluded that traffic congestion in the Puget Sound region had fallen between 2006 and 2008, while the TomTom study showed our very own Seattle as the city with the worst traffic congestion in the nation.

In most local news coverage both reports were men!
tioned together and The Puget Sound Business Journal went so far as to say the TomTom study actually "contradicts" the WSDOT findings.

This is not exactly true.

The WSDOT report measured congestion on state highways while the TomTom study looked at traffic on surface streets at the local level. So you cannot conclude the two studies conflict with one another because they measure two very different variables.

What is most interesting to me, is the TomTom study shows Seattle is the most congested city in America. For anyone who has followed Seattle's anti-car policies over the years, this should not be a surprise. Seattle's habit is to make driving a car so expensive and time consuming that citizens are forced out of their car. For example, city officials replace auto lanes with bus only restrictions and increase parking costs by limiting!
supply and raising parking taxes. Even the EIS for the street!
car showed it would significantly increase congestion along some of its route and the city still went for it.

While most of us are shaking our heads about Seattle's ranking as the most congested city in America, Seattle policymakers probably take it as a pat on the back for a job well done.

Will anyone buy electric cars?

December 7, 2009 in Blog

From The New Republic:

This is certainly one way to entice people into plug-in vehicles:

Perhaps the main reason to think electric cars might have a shot in Denmark is their remarkable tax advantage.

The country imposes a punitive tax of about 200 percent on new cars,
so a vehicle that would cost $20,000 in the United States costs $60,000
here. For a quarter-century, electric cars have been exempt from that
tax. But the models on the market were so limited in their capabilities
that only 497 of them are registered in the entire country.

Vanpools in the Puget Sound Region, Part IV

December 6, 2009 in Publications

This is the final report in a four-part series on vanpools in the Puget Sound region.